A liquid oil extracted from the beans of a soya plant. The plant is approximately 50cm high and the soyabeans are found in the pods, which contain between 2 and 4 beans. The beans vary in size and shape, and may be round or oval according to the variety. The colour varies from yellow to green. The harvest starts when the soybean ripens, which occurs with the shedding of the leaves. Harvesting usually begins around late September/early October in the Northern Hemisphere.
Soybean oil is the world's 2nd largest vegetable oil crop, at around 36 million tonnes. The crop is grown extensively in South America and the USA. Today, the EU produces only 8% of the soyabeans it crushes with the remaining balance imported, representing around 13 million tonnes.
On crushing mature beans, the yield is on average only 18-20% oil with 78-80% meal obtained which provides a major, high protein ingredient for animal feeds. Soyabean oil is one of the world's most used vegetable oils for edible applications, hence it is mainly used in applications like baking fats, mayonnaise, frying oil, salad and cooking oils and as an ingredient in margarine and spreads. Besides food applications, soyabean oil is also used by the chemical and technical industry in applications like varnish and lacquer.
The typical composition of soyabean oil is (%):
The use of soyabean oil in this country did decline following the decision in the USA to produce a genetically modified version of the plant. However, more recently the 'traditional' non GM variant has become more widely used. More than 70% of the soyabean crop grown worldwide is now genetically modified.
Worldwide in 2002, GM crops were grown in 58.7 million hectares, an area equivalent to two and a half times the area of the UK and representing 18% of the total land under cultivation across the globe. GM soya, almost all of which was herbicide tolerant, and GM maize, two-thirds of which was insect resistant and one-third herbicide tolerant, accounted for 80% of this area.
Soyabean production is one of the fastest growing industries in South America and is one of the largest sources of income, generating development and providing employment in several countries in the region. Extensive cultivation and the expansion of agricultural frontiers also entail high social and environmental costs, such as deforestation, water pollution and soil erosion. Rapid growth of soya production also signifies a threat to the rich biological diversity in the region.
The Round Table on Responsible Soy Association (RTRS) is a multi-stakeholder initiative which aims to facilitate a global dialogue on soya production that is economically viable, socially equitable and environmentally sound. It provides stakeholders and interested parties – producers, social organizations and business and industry - with the opportunity to jointly develop global solutions leading to responsible soya production.
Fish and Chip lovers across the UK will be coming together again on Friday 1 June 2018 to once again celebrate the nation’s favourite dish and NEODA are proud to be organising this special day again. Following the phenomenal success of the event last year, National Fish & Chip Day 2018 will see people throughout the country celebrating their love of the this iconic meal from fish & chip shops, pub chains, restaurants, retailers, to the fishermen and farmers who provide the sustainable and natural ingredients used to create it. We want to help Fish & Chip shops across the UK benefit from this awareness day and can offer advice on decorating your shops, running special promotions and competitions and generally creating a huge buzz about fish and chips. Keep an eye on this website for further information.
NEODA offers huge congratulations to the winner of the National Independent Fish and Chip Shop of the Year for 2018 - Millers Fish and Chips, Haxby. Congratulations also to 2nd placed Burton Road Chippy, Lincoln and 3rd placed Harbourside Fish & Chips, Plymouth.